How do Special Districts operate in California?

How do they operate? There are approximately 2,109 independent special districts in California, meaning they are governed by an independent board of directors elected by the districts’ voters or appointed to a fixed term of office by either the city council or board of supervisors. Dependent districts are governed by other existing legislative bodies like a city council or board of supervisors. Larger independent districts have a professional manager, similar to a city manager or county administrator, to assist the governing officials. The governing boards adopt policies that the general managers carry out. - See more at: http://www.csda.net/special-districts/#sthash.JwFMp1cQ.dpuf